In spite of being so common, the cuckoo flower has a long and fascinating history and even features in Shakespeare's Love's Labours Lost as "lady smocks all silver white". Perennial. His goal is to create videos and content that are entertaining, accurate, and educational. It is an important food plant for the caterpillars of the orange-tip and the green-veined white butterfly. The flowers are a lovely delicate lilac colour with slightly darker veins in them, but they can also be closer to white. To that I say, out with tradition and on with this hat, inspired by the cuckoo flower. The cuckoo's distinctive cry [sound] has been the harbinger of spring for centuries in Western Europe. Many gardeners who value the Lepidopterans have planted this flower to help attract them. Cuckoo by Lois Ehlert is a retelling of a Mexican folktale about how the cuckoo got its black feathers. *NFC782:343 and ** NFC782:359, both from Co Kerry. Its pale pink flowers bloom from April to June and are thought to coincide with the arrival of the first Cuckoo - a sure sign that spring has arrived at last Named after the fact that the flowers bloom at roughly the same time as the arrival of the Cuckoo each spring, the Cuckoo Flower was, according to Folklore sacred to Faeries and bringing it indoors was thought to bring bad luck. The Cuckoo Flower (Cardamine pratensis) is a small mustard plant with showy pink flowers. Quick View. We always used to refer to [red] campion as cuckoo-flower, that is in our local area of Derby [e-mail, April 2018]. Mar 23, 2015 - I decided I couldn't live without a cuckoo clock any longer, and so I accidentally bought four from ebay. It was not included in May Day garlands for the same reason (poor little flower). Category: Pond Plants H - P. Description; Description. I spent most of my childhood in Cumbria, nearest city Carlisle … in the 1950s. Endangerment: Ssp. And so, as is somewhat traditional now, this week I thought we would set out and try to trace where all the assorted bluebell folklore comes from. Cardamine pratensis: Cuckooflower, also commonly known as ‘Lady’s-smock’, is a pretty, springtime perennial of damp, grassy places like wet meadows, ditches and riverbanks, as well as roadside verges. Neighbours, though, would not have them in their houses, as they brought ‘bad luck’ [Brize Norton, Oxfordshire, August 1992]. Now many of these are fairly self-explanatory referring to the colour and shape of the flowers. Lords-and-ladies ( Arum maculatum ) with its bright autumn berries, is a valuable perennial for shady borders, but its tendency to self-seed means it can quickly become a nuisance. Commonly known as Ladys Smock, Mayflower or Milkmaids. The flowers are usually veined with darker violet but in some areas pure white forms can be found. Cardamine pratensis: Cuckooflower, also commonly known as ‘Lady’s-smock’, is a pretty, springtime perennial of damp, grassy places like wet meadows, ditches and riverbanks, as well as roadside verges. This little wildflower is found in the wild growing in damp meadows and boggy areas. — ANÉMONE ŒIL DE PAON. In folklore it is believed that fairy’s could be seen by mortals wherever oak, ash and hawthorn trees grew together. Another story links the name with cuckoo … Add to cart £ 1.80. In fact, the plant is related … This mustard isn’t particularly known for it’s edibility, but it has been used as a substitute for watercress and is very edible. A changeling, also historically referred to as an auf or oaf, is a human-like creature found in folklore and folk religion throughout Europe.A changeling was believed to be a fairy child that had been left in place of a human child stolen by the fairies. paludosa, which can be found in southern and central Finland in waterside meadows which are prone to flooding, and also in many other kinds of damp places. According to certain European folklore, it was said that cuckoo flower was sacred to the fairies, and was thus unlucky to bring indoors. But the Robin is not the only bird linked to this plant, in some areas it is also called cuckoo flower as it begins flowering at around the same time that cuckoos return to breed in Europe. Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos. When I was a nipper (from Leeds) I was taught that Cardamine pratensis was called milkmaid. The cuckoo flower (above) is said to herald the first cuckoo of spring. Many species, including the European cuckoo (Cuculus canorus), lay their eggs in the nests of other birds and have a two-note call . Thanks to its tuber, which allows it to withstand difficult conditions, the cyclamen is the flower of deep love. The cuckoo is a dove-sized bird with blue grey upper parts, head and chest with dark barred white under parts. The story of Cuckoo read aloud in English with some Spanish words added. 2. paludosa, which can be found in southern and central Finland in waterside meadows which are prone to flooding, and also in many other kinds of damp places. Ursilla was not happily married. The cuckoo family includes the common or European cuckoo, roadrunners, koels, malkohas, couas, coucals and anis.The coucals and anis are sometimes separated as distinct families, the Centropodidae and Crotophagidae respectively. Home Plant List Family Groups Glossary Gallery Introduction Zoë's Bio Credits Links Contact The leaves are a basal rosette, with 8 pairs of oval leaflets . The plant is native to southern Europe and northern Africa and has toxic sap and berries. Take on Nature: Cuckooflower, aka lady's smock, painting the meadow with delight An orange-tip butterfly on a cuckooflower – the female lays a single egg on the underside of the flower buds The cuckoo flower (above) is said to herald the first cuckoo of spring. Alternative names for the cuckoo flower are “milkmaid” and “lady’s smock”, due to associations with springtime, fertility, purity and the Virgin Mary. 5. It's Rough Chervil. It grows in damp, grassy meadows and bogs, its petals tinted pink or lavendar, and is also known by the names lady's-smock, milkmaid, May flower, and fairy flower. Images: Compton, Surrey, April 2014; inset, Ducklington, Oxfordshire, April 2017. However, in Europe the plant has been linked with more sinister pieces of folklore, such as the belief in Germany that bringing the plant indoors would cause the house to be struck by lightning! (all credits and rights of the Wikipedia source apply) Cardamine pratensis, the cuckoo flower, lady's smock, mayflower, or milkmaids, is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae, native throughout most of Europe and Western Asia.The specific name pratensis is Latin for "meadow".. In parts of Devon, flore pleno (the double-flowered) form and 'hose-in-hose' form (where one normal bloom grows through the centre of another) are fairly common. Cuckoo Flower/ Ladys Smock Super plugs (Cardamine pratensis) quantity. Europe's only non-human primate lives on Gibraltar, Camera Gear for Filming in Remote Locations, The Curious Parent - Videos on the Science of Parenting, 4 iPhone Video Tips for Taking Amazing Video, Five Things that Make Slalom Kayaking Unique, Scientists Discover a New Dinosaur! It bears long narrow leaves and supremely elegant flowers, two or three to each stem, in white or with pink tomes. Learn more about the cuckoopint plant. Selon Nicander, dans ses scholies sur Theocrite, V, 92, c'est 1'anemone qui est nee du sang d'Adonis. A brazzock by any other name: British wild flowers and folklore. Accidentally? Lady’s smock, or milkmaids, or dancing lady, or cuckoo flower = Cardamine pratensis [Stocking Ford, Warwickshire, January 1982]. 7. I was brought up in a village in Essex, now part of Harlow town. When I was a nipper (from Leeds) I was taught that Cardamine pratensis was called milkmaid. Was thought to be sacred to the fairies in folklore, and bringing it indoors was deemed to be very unlucky. Well I can't actually provide a rational explanantion of how I ended up buying four different ones. Ragged Robin - Western Isles - Wild Flowers - Wildflowers & Flora of The Isle of Harris and The Isle of Lewis - Hebrides Flowers. Prefers: Damp grasslands and river/stream banks. All over Europe, the cuckoo’s advent has been marked in different ways: Scotland, France and Germany: Bad luck to hear a cuckoo before breakfast. Avila, Alfred. At the present day the nickname cuckoo-bud is assigned to the meadow cress (cardamine pratensis). It was not included in Mayday garlands for the same reason. According to certain European folklore, it was said that cuckoo flower was sacred to the fairies, and was thus unlucky to bring indoors. How To Contribute; Queries; Home; Blog; Links; Material Collected; Local Names; Events; The Compiler « Previous Item. The annual Hairy Bittercress mostly has four stamen; Wavy Bittercress has six and is usually perennial. The cuckoo pint (Arum maculatum) and cuckoo flower (Cardamine pratensis) are two examples. Cuckooflowers … never taken indoors by my grandmother – ‘They bring sickness’ [Taunton, Somerset, April 1994]. 3. It was not included in May Day garlands for the same reason. This little wildflower is found in the wild growing in damp meadows and boggy areas. Cuckooflower is up to 60 cm tall and is abundant throughout Britain. Picking cuckooflowers … would make it thunder. Mouse ear chickweed has small flowers generally found with miniature flowers and five miniature petals which are severely lobed thereby giving a manifestation of ten petals rising up to a stature of 6-8 inches. As symbols, they were used to ward off evil and to invoke the bird’s protective powers, its perceived strength and speed. What happens to an astronaut’s bones in space? Spanish language. Collecting the folklore and uses of plants. pratensis is near threatened. 1. cuckoo. • We collected data on cuckoo calls, longevity of farmers and farm size. Contribution of Ballynacally and Coney Island National Schools to the Schools’ Folklore Scheme 1937-1938 by Mary Hester . Its starry flowers are upon dark green heart-shaped leaves which have patches of light and dark colourings. Storie s about benevolent and malevolent trees are widespread in British folklore. Quick View. Leaves . SKU. Believed to call the fairies when rung, and thought to be unlucky to walk through a mass of bluebells, because it was full of spells.It is also considered an unlucky flower to pick or bring into the house. The species is commonly found throughout the British Isles. With their sleek body, long tail and pointed wings they are not unlike kestrels or sparrowhawks. • Farmer longevity was directly and indirectly correlated with farm size and number of syllables in cuckoo calls. Large Bittercress has purple anthers. 10 Facts About Chernobyl That You Didn't Know, Osmosis Experiment: Dissolving Egg Shells With Vinegar, Bringing Brucellosis-Free Bison Back to North America, The World's Biggest Fish - The Whale Shark, Make a Handheld Gimbal out of your Phantom 3 Drone, Homemade Bag of Ice Cream: Science Experiment, How to make 360-Degree Videos: A Guide to Creating, Shooting, Editing, and Uploading, Holy Grail Time-lapse Tutorial: Day-to-Night Time-lapses, 5 Tips for Better Adventure Travel Photos, The single most important tip for science filmmakers. Wild cherry folklore has unusual associations with the cuckoo, whereby the bird has to eat three good meals of cherries before it may stop singing. Made in Germany. The most widespread of these is ssp. 6. Black Forest Musicians and Dancers Cuckoo Clock. 2. any bird of the family Cuculidae, having pointed wings, a long tail, and zygodactyl feet: order Cuculiformes. . No, it's not deadly Hemlock! It is a plant of lasting feelings and sincere affection. Mako Sharks: The Speeding Bullets of the Ocean, 3 Liquid Nitrogen Experiments To Do At Home. It blossoms at the time the cuckoo comes, hence one of its names. The adults leave Europe by … The basal leaves have rounded leaves similar to those of Watercress and the stems are divided into narrow well-separated lobes that resemble a ladder. Young leaves can be used as a substitute for cress due to their peppery taste. Rob is an ecologist from the University of Hawaii. The cuckoo flower - in part for its name, in part for its seemingly perfect symmetry. It was not included in May Day garlands for the same reason. We are blessed to have them visit down here in the south east of the UK and Lee has been lucky enough to hear one already this year. Getting Started in Science and Wildlife Filmmaking, Niagara Falls: A short journey to an epic waterfall. Often known as Lady’s smock Mayflower or Milkmaids. More usually, the flowers are lilac coloured, but they can also be white. This makes it a beautiful addition to the countryside. However, the tree of course flowers naturally at or around Easter, especially if Easter is late, and in England, in the Chilterns, some of the abundant blossoms were used to decorate churches at Easter. Iceland: Home of Clearest Freshwater on Earth! It gets its name because the flower appears in the spring, about the time the Cuckoo bird starts to sing. This Mexican folktale tells the story of a beautiful bird named Cuckoo, who loves to sing all night and day. At Uni on a botany course we were told that it was called lady’s smock/cuckooflower; the lecturer had never heard of milkmaid. However one does notice a frequent association with crows and cuckoos, (incidentally a gowk is a regional name for the cuckoo, while a rook is a member of the crow family), and this is somewhat curious as neither bird features directly in the bluebell lore we recounted last week. It arrives there in early spring after its yearly migration to East Africa. Like other members of the cuckoo family, Cuculidae, the roadrunner is zygodactyl, with two toes pointing forward and two back, but being a ground bird, its tracks are more noticeable than those of other cuckoo species. Cuckooflower is commonly found in its preferred habitats. The Nobel prize-winning author translates Guatemalan Indian legends and myths. Cuckoo Flower in Legend. We have several little colonies in our garden down by the river and where a small spring runs down to the river. If one picked cuckooflower one would be attacked by a snake. Cuckoo Flower (Cardamine pratensis) is a herbaceous early Spring perennial, with delicate lilac or violet tinted flowers with obvious dark violet veins, and yellow anthers on a sturdy stem, varying in size to around 40cm long, seen from April to June. Because of this, they didn’t include the flower in May Day garlands. Explosive fruits are also found in two small flowered species, making them a problem for gardeners. My mother was not superstitious, and loved the cuckooflowers; we picked masses for her. Photo: Eric Shaw. 1. Arum maculatum, also known as “cuckoo pint” or “lords-and-ladies”, has all sorts of bawdy and sexual associations in folklore, and there’s also a story about how it got its glossy, ink-black spots. A combination of two traditional English cuckoo songs: the lyrics to My Bonny Cuckoo from the Shirley Collins version, and some lyrics from the oft-recorded The Cuckoo or The Coo-Coo Bird. Mouse ear chickweed are native of Europe and are in white color and prominent for their hairiness. It is native to Europe and Western Asia and has been introduced into North America where it can be found in most of Canada and the northern states. Folklore According to John Gerard, the 16th century herbalist, the flower got its name because it blooms "....for the most part in April and May, when the Cuckoo begins to sing her pleasant note without stammering." . Name also recorded from Hampshire [Lambeth Country Show, London, July 2015]. It is part of the Brassicaceae family and is native throughout most of Europe and western Asia. This article was first published in 'The Other Clare’ Volume 38. Cuckoo Flower (Cardamine pratensis) is a herbaceous early Spring perennial, with delicate lilac or violet tinted flowers with obvious dark violet veins, and yellow anthers on a sturdy stem, varying in size to around 40cm long, seen from April to June. Anyhow this one is my favourite. In Folklore, it was said to be sacred to the fairies and brought bad luck if it was taken indoors. In folklore it was said to be sacred to the fairies and was quite unlucky if one brought it indoors. In the insect world, the froghopper’s larva creates a bubbly mixture to conceal itself which has become known as 'cuckoo spit'. It grows in damp, grassy meadows and bogs, its petals tinted pink or lavendar, and is also known by the names lady's-smock, milkmaid, May flower, and fairy flower. According to Scottish lore, the frequent calling of the cuckoo is a sign of the fierce ‘gawk storms’ of rain that commonly coincide with its arrival. Cuckoopint, tuberous herb of the arum family, noted for its unusual pollination strategy. Cuckoo flower is a delicate looking pink flower, fading to white as it matures. *NFC782:343 and ** NFC782:359, both from Co Kerry. This was a popular belief here, as cuckooflowers grew abundantly in The Close in Stradbrook and grass snakes were also found in this field [Bratton, Wiltshire, January 2007]. Did Yellowstone wolves really save the park’s ecosystem? Mexican ghost tales of the Southwest. Cuckoo flower is a delicate looking pink flower, fading to white as it matures. $ 1,300.00 CLO:4-0460-01-C. Add to cart. BLIND HARRY . In folklore, the number of cuckoo calls is believed to reflect longevity of listeners. In the language of love, giving someone a cyclamen expresses sincere feelings. The Cuckoo Flower, sometimes spelt Cuckooflower, can be found in moist or wet habitats, including meadows, damp grasslands, roadsides, ditches and river banks. As the cuckoo flower is a harbinger of the cuckoo, celadine is said to be the harbinger of the swallow which the plant is named after as the word celadine is rooted in the Greek word for this bird. If it was woven into a May Day garland by mistake, the entire wreath would have to be remade, otherwise the fairies might get angry. Beer Drinkers and Flowers Cuckoo Clock. However, in a garden setting it also does well in normal neutral garden soil, providing it is not too dry. Description. Cuckooflower Cardamine pratensis Often known as 'lady's smock,' the pretty lilac flowers open around the time the cuckoo starts to call. The leaves are a basal rosette, with 8 pairs of oval leaflets. 1. The ragged robin wildflower - a member of the carnation family - is a lovely pink flowering plant that likes damp places and can be readily seen on The Western Isles and indeed throughout Scotland. The most widespread of these is ssp. Cuckoo Flower Seed Packet 0.15g (Cardamine pratensis)(approx 270 seeds) ... Often known as Lady’s smock Mayflower or Milkmaids. Lady’s Smock, Cuckoo Flower : Scientific Name: Cardamine pratensis : Season Start: Jan : Season End: Dec : Watch our videos on YouTube. The Cuckoo flower, part of the Cabbage family, flowers between April and June and loves moist conditions - stream sides, woods and meadows. Height: 22 - 25cm. 1. FOLKLORE. The flowers are very pretty and can last from April through to June. He is the co-creator and director of Untamed Science. Clare County Library is grateful to Mary Hester for donating this article. Add to Wishlist. 4. Because of this, they didn’t include the flower in May Day garlands. Add to cart. If you place ash berries in a cradle, it protects the baby from being taken by the fairies. 2. DB 17963. Copyright 2010 All Rights Reserved | Contact: roy@plant-lore.com. Add to Wishlist. Cardamine pratensis is one of the most beautiful and one of the best loved of our wild flowers. The book is written in both English and Spanish and uses traditional styles of Mexican arts and crafts for its illustrations. It was not included in May Day garlands for the same reason (poor little flower). Did you know? Cuckoopint, (Arum maculatum), also called lords-and-ladies, tuberous herb of the arum family (Araceae), native to southern Europe and northern Africa. The cuckoo, with its distinctive appearance and striking nest-usurping behaviour, features heavily in folklore, and is seen as the bringer of spring. Take on Nature: Cuckooflower, aka lady's smock, painting the meadow with delight An orange-tip butterfly on a cuckooflower – the female lays a single egg on the underside of the flower buds Like many other aroids, cuckoopint contains a bitter, sometimes poisonous, sap; the red berries are particularly toxic. Statue of Blind Harry by Andrew Stoddart ’I am the nakit Blynd Hary That lang has bene in the fary Farleis to fynd …’ * “I am the naked... Ursilla and the Selkie. • Evidence suggests that cuckoo calls may reveal information on habitat quality. The blooms appear in late spring to early summer, just at the time as the first cuckoo starts to call. It generally comes into bloom around the time the cuckoo starts to call, hence the name. $ 395.00 CLO:0307-10-c. Add to cart. Many spring flowers have been named after the cuckoo because they appear at the same time as the cuckoo returns from Africa. Cuckoo flower is a perennial species, and no fewer than three sub-species can be found growing in Finland. n folklore it was said to be sacred to the fairies, and so was unlucky if brought indoors. The name appears to be very old because the 16th century herbalist, John Gerard, explained that its name came from this link with the cuckoo, although another 16th century reason for the name is that the flower's foliage is often covered with cuckoo spit. Next Item » Red campion. They were also called thunder-flowers [e-mail, January 2013]. The flowers are very pretty and can last from April through to June. When the book begins Cuckoo is shunned by the … The cruciform flowers typical of a member of the Brasicca family. This plant is also the food plant for the orange tip butterfly (Anthocharis cardamines). In folklore of parts of England it was considered unlucky to pluck and bring inside Cuckoo flowers: Here is a photograph. Add to Wishlist. In folklore, Cuckooflower, or Lady’s-smock, was known as a plant beloved of the fairy folk. Large Bittercress has purple anthers. Selon Bion, 'E^Ta^io; 'A^wvt^o;, vers 66 et suivants, 1'anemone est nee des pleurs de Venus, et la rose du sang d'Adonis. Coney Island National School, 2012. However, in a garden setting it also does well in normal neutral garden soil, providing it is not too dry. In folklore it was said to be sacred to the fairies, and so was unlucky if brought indoors. Cuckoo flower, like other mustards, can grow in large numbers, covering fields. Cuckoo Flower Plants (Cardamine Pratensis) £10.00 £8.33. They were named cuckoo flower because they bloom in spring, while the cuckoo is in this country, from April until June. (De Candolle). Black Forest cuckoo clock featuring Oompah band and pairs of dancers. The Cuckoo flower is interesting to geneticists, it being highly variable in its chromosome counts, ranging ... effectually warms a cold and weak stomack, restores lost appetite and helps digestion." Cuckooflower, also commonly known as 'Lady's-smock', is a pretty, springtime perennial of damp, grassy places like wet meadows, ditches and riverbanks, as well as roadside verges. F ew birds have inspired as much folklore as the Common Cuckoo. anemone pavonina , nomencl. At Uni on a botany course we were told that it was called lady’s smock/cuckooflower; the lecturer had never heard of milkmaid. Siats, White and Albino Squirrel Research Initiative, The 3 Rock Types - Up Close and Personal, The Legend of Vampires - Pellagra, Corn and Niacin Deficiency. Want to thank TFD for its existence? After the planting, the birds sleep deeply and … Anemone pavonia Anemone pavonia. When he's not making science content, he races whitewater kayaks and works on Stone Age Man. Also known as lady's smock or lady's flower, cuckoo flower (Cardamine pratensis) is a perennial wildflower native to Britain, northern Asia and North America. From the National Folklore Collection, University College Dublin. When the other birds in the forest need help planting seeds, Cuckoo does not help them, but continues to sing instead. The inflorescence emits heat and a foul odor to attract and trap flies for pollination. Similar Species. [Western Folklore: Jobes, 395; Mercatante, 164] See: Cuckoldry. A lad from the Keighley area on the course … also knew the plant as milkmaid, so we wondered if it was a name local to a specific part of West Yorkshire [Glasgow, May 2016]. There are a vast number of common names including Our Lady's smock, milkmaids, fairy flower, May flower and coco plant. I then had ‘pet’ names for various flowers … lady’s smock – milkmaids [Hereford, April 2012]. Last time on Folklore on Friday, we were recounting the legends and lore surrounding one of Britain's best-loved wild flowers, the bluebell. The cuckoos are a family of birds, Cuculidae / k juː ˈ k j uː l ɪ d iː /, the sole taxon in the order Cuculiformes / k j uː ˈ k j uː l ɪ f ɔːr m iː z /. Includes "Legend of the Tangle," "Legend of the Volcano," "Legend of the Devil's Hat," "Legend of the Flowers," "Warlocks of the Spring Storm," and "Cuculcan." Cuckoo flower is a perennial species, and no fewer than three sub-species can be found growing in Finland. Cuckoo-Flowers.—By this flower, Mr Beisly 1 says, the ragged robin is meant, a well-known meadow and marsh plant, with rose-coloured flowers and deeply-cut narrow segments. My interest [in wildflowers] started at a very early age.