By Tim Lambert. 1603. 1908. TIMELINE OF BRITISH 20TH CENTURY HISTORY. 1952 George VI dies. Britain starts to recover from the depression. 1901 Queen Victoria dies. 30 September: Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin, 20 January: George V dies and is succeeded by Edward VIII, 5 October: Jarrow men march 300 miles to London to highlight poverty and mass unemployment (as high as 70%) in the north east of England. They became the Duke and Duchess of Windsor. In History. 1997: Britain returns its colony of Hong Kong to China, the end of the British Empire 1997 : British biologist Ian Wilmut clones a sheep, Dolly 1997 : Most countries of the world agree on reducing the level of greenhouse-gas emissions in order to avoid climate … Some workers are allowed unemployment benefit and sickness benefit is created. Google+. 450. She is replaced by John Major. Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first woman prime minister. 10 December: Edward VIII abdicates in order to marry Wallace Simpson 20th and 21st centuries. 12 May 1937 George VI, Edward VIII's younger brother, the Duke of York, is crowned king, 29 December: New constitution makes Ireland a republic in all but name, 3 September 1939: Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Poland, 10 May: Winston Churchill becomes prime minister of the coalition government, May: Butler Act creates free secondary education to the age of 15, 8 May: Britain celebrates the end of war on Victory in Europe Day, 15 August: Victory over Japan Day marks the end of World War Two, 15 August: India gains independence from Britain, Post-war immigration from the Commonwealth begins. Britain hands Hong Kong back to China, ending more than 150 years of British rule. He married Wallace Simpson in France in June 1937. Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website.  All workers are given one weeks annual paid holiday, About 10% of households in Britain now own a car, The British army is evacuated from Dunkirk. Pinterest. There has been an understanding that a king or queen only ruled with the consent of the people. It continues to slowly fall. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow. (Many people buy a TV. 1837. Harold Wilson becomes prime minister. 1 January: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is created, 7 May: All women over the age of 21 get the vote. 29 July: Olympic Games open at Wembley Stadium in London It is over 5% for the first time since 1945. In June and July a heat wave creates a very hot summer and water shortages. Edward VIII wished to marry American Wallis Simpson. WhatsApp. 3 September 1939: Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Poland. The first nuclear power station opens at Calder Hall, The Conservatives win a 3rd election victory. Twitter. Spans period of Britain’s involvement in the tri-continental slave trade. 1917. The two websites projectbritain.com and primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources. A survey shows 44% of households own a washing machine. Tudors. Black British Timeline 15th September 2009 18th June 2020 Phil Gregory 4 Comments. 2 March: Concorde, the world's first supersonic airliner, makes its maiden flight, 15 February: Decimalised currency replaces 'pounds, shillings and pence', 25 July: World's first test-tube baby is born in Oldham, 12 March: 12-month 'Miners' Strike' over pit closures begins, Tim Berners-Lee invents the World Wide Web, 6 May: Channel Tunnel opens, linking London and Paris by rail, 1 July: Britain hands Hong Kong back to China, after more than 150 years of British rule, December: Civil partnerships give same-sex couples legal rights, © Copyright - please read 1909 The first old age pensions are paid The miners are defeated. Compulsory military service and food rationing introduced. Jan 1, 1900. 793. www.mandybarrow.com. Timeline of British History. Queen Victoria ascended to the throne of Great Britain in 1837 at the age of 18 and remained queen through the beginning of the 20th century. 1807 The slave trade is abolished. 8 May: Britain celebrates the end of war on Victory in Europe Day. 4 August 1914: Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Belgium So from at least the 1500s. Today. 1960 Britain is becoming increasingly affluent. Womens Rights in the 20th Century. 1805 The battle of Trafalgar. 1066. Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant.  The Falklands War is fought against Argentina, The Conservatives win a second general election with a large majority. Thatcher becomes, Channel 4 starts broadcasting giving Britain it's fourth television station, Sir Tim Berners Lee invents the World Wide Web, Channel Tunnel links Britain The National Insurance Act is passed. Cinema-going was immensely popular during the 1920s and 1930s and virtually every town, suburb and major housing development had at least one cinema. Limited numbers of women are given the vote for the first time, Republic of Ireland gains 2000: 2011 Prince William, second in line to the throne, marries Kate Middleton at Westminster Abbey: 2012 Britain celebrates the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee and hosts the Olympics in London The 1698 Savery Engine. This decade opened the century with some amazing scientific and technological feats: the first flight by the Wright brothers, Henry Ford's first Model-T, and Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity. 1811 Prince George become Prince Regent as his father is insane. In History. 8 November: Death penalty is abolished The Suez crisis in Egypt. 1914. the Jet Engine, The BBC starts broadcasting a second channel, BBC Two, 3 May: Margaret 1928 Universal suffrage is introduced. The 17th-century was a tumultuous century in British history. The 'official' figure reaches 14.1%, 1987 Corporal punishment ends in state schools. 1714. that brought the fighting on the Western Front to a halt at 11am on 11 November 1918. She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent. of the Union Flag, Britain defeats Dutch settlers 18 April: Republic of Ireland comes into being, 6 February: Elizabeth II succeeds her father, George VI, 25 April: Watson and Crick publish their discovery of the structure of DNA, 22 September: Commercial television starts with the first ITV broadcast, 17 October: Britain switches on its first nuclear power station - Calder Hall, 6 March: Ghana becomes the first British colony in Africa to gain independence. 20th century Britain timeline Unknown Beatrix Potter story to be published 10 facts about the Battle of Hastings: Click here to subscribe! 1906 The first dreadnought, a new and powerful battleship is launched. T.V. The Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is shot by John Bellingham . Charles Dickens is born. (Everyone over the age of 21 is allowed to vote). A survey shows 90% of households in Britain own a TV. Britain:1945 to Present The nationalisation of the coal industry represents a major shift in industrial policy. The Beveridge Report is published. The Beginning BANG! Stuart. The event proves that Britain is no longer a great power. By the end of 1953 approximately 25% of households in Britain have a TV. Although women had been able to attend degree level courses, they could not receive degrees until 1920. 1812. … 10 May: Winston Churchill becomes prime minister of the coalition government. Scottish 'Home Rule' had been supported by both 19th-century Liberals and 20th-century Labour, but had made no progress. The following list includes some of the wars fought by the armed forces of the United Kingdom, the British Empire and the British Commonwealth since 1900. While the power of the monarchies of Great Britain has been massively curtailed compared to their medieval counterparts since well before the twentieth century, the importance of the king or queen in public life has been relegated to a figure of civic pride that has only the softest of political power. Britain sends troops but is soon forced to withdraw. 2000 UK forces intervene in the civil war in Sierra Leone. Bacon’s cipher, a method of steganography (hiding a secret message), is devised by Sir Francis Bacon. 1918 Fifty nine nations took part, but the defeated powers of Germany and Japan were excluded. It is easy to view the death of Queen Victoria in 1901 as signalling a turning point: the apogee of Britain’s fortunes and Empire before the harsh modern realities of the 20th century brought decline. Timeline of 20th Century Ireland. George V dies. Career-based timeline. Her Imperial Majesty Queen Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India 1876 – Queen Victoria took the title Empress of India. 1980 Britain enters recession. This is a graphical timeline of prime ministers of the United Kingdom from when the first prime minister in the modern sense, Robert Walpole, took office in 1721, until the present day. Traditional beliefs were challenged, and the experience of World War I created new tensions. Britain in the 20th Century: Thatcherism, 1979-1990 - Professor Vernon Bogdanor - Duration: 1:03:54. George V becomes king. Following the Wall Street Crash the depression bites and unemployment rises sharply, 1933 Unemployment starts to fall. Black slaves were in attendance as sea captains sauntered through the streets. Timeline of facts and information about the twentieth Century - written especially for kids in easy to understand words. Women at Oxford University are allowed to receive degrees In January unemployment in 13.9%. The death sentence for treason and piracy with violence remained on the statue books until 1998 when they were abolished by the Crime and Disorder Act. 17th century. Saxons. If you have suggestions for events that you think should be included, please submit them via the contact page. 1940 10 July Battle of Britain: Royal Air Force defend the United Kingdom against attack from Nazi Germany air force during the Second World War. A Britain gets its first policewomen. 1904 Britain signs the Entente Cordiale (friendly understanding) with France, 1906 The first dreadnought, a new and powerful battleship is launched, 1908 Kenneth Grahame published The Wind In The Willows. 1904 Britain signs the Entente Cordiale (friendly understanding) with France. War Georgian. 1878 – Occupation of Cyprus. Cars are becoming increasingly common. 1939 : HOMEPAGE | Search lan: This site uses cookies. 1220 - … Unemployment starts to fall. Britain enters a recession. Jameson Raid Sep 29, 1897. 12 July: Comprehensive education system is introduced. ... Timeline - World History Documentaries Recommended for you. 1902 Women in Australia are allowed to vote in federal elections 1903 Marie Curie is the first woman to win a Nobel prize 1905 In the USA Nora Stanton Blatch Barney is the first women to gain a degree in engineering 1907 Women in Finland are the first in the world to become MPs 1908 Aldeburgh becomes the first town in Britain to have a female mayor 1910 The first policewoman begins duty in Los Angeles 1913 Mary Phelps Jacob invents the bra. July 10-October 31, 1940 - World War II: The Royal Air Force wins the Battle of Britain; September 17, 1940 - World War II: Operation Sea Lion, the German invasion of Britain, is indefinitely postponed; November 11/12, 1940 - World War II: In a daring nighttime raid, British aircraft strike the Italian fleet at the Battle of Taranto Sep 29, 1868. in, 6 February: 20th Century Ireland was a mix of political battles. It was not until after the World War Two that televisions became widely available. 1 December 1919 Lady Astor becomes the first woman to take her seat in parliament. 1985 The miners strike ends. 1801. The Labour Party wins a general election. Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin advised him that the British people would not accept her because she was a divorcee. The Battle of El Alamein is fought. By Tim Lambert. 1986 Unemployment reaches a peak. Her son becomes Edward VII. 1614. New legislation gave a weekly means-tested pension of a maximum of five shillings to all those aged over 70. 550-330 BC - Achaemenid dynasty rules the first Persian Empire. An Introduction to 20th-Century England (1901–2000) The Britain of the year 2000 was unimaginable at the end of the Victorian era in 1901. Download BRITAIN Magazine to your mobile today . 11 November: World War One ends when Germany signs an armistice Here, we highlight the key dates, from the Gunpowder Plot to the Great Fire of London, via the English Civil War and the Great Plague The 1900s. First era of large scale settlement of blacks in Britain. In Britain the Women's Royal Naval Service is formed. 19th century. The British army crush the Germans and Italians. Aldeburgh becomes the first town in Britain to have a woman mayor (Elizabeth Garrett Anderson) 1913. Black British Timeline Black Sailor at Waterloo . 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