Where should be the comma ? The students asked for a second chance to rewrite the exam, but the teacher did not grant it. He went by DC for Danger Cat though. It is unclear though as to the thoughts being joined. Sit back and be inspired by our current collections. Apply the above rules. The answer depends on whether the clause introduced by so is an independent or dependent clause. Thus, you can put a comma before "so that" like this: That is the ultimate purpose of the writing communication after all. If the clauses make sense on their own, you don’t need to use a comma. In this situation, each clause is equal in weight, and neither clause is dependent on the other to make sense. I studied hard so I could pass my exams. If Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008, then she will become the first female president. you to do so that he . 2.2. after introductory phrases The difference, I believe, is to also add a comma after "etc." If I use correct punctuation, then I will include commas where necessary. I ran short of money, so I borrowed some from my sister. Hi! “So,” she asked, “How many people are you expecting?” Put a comma after one of those bad boys to separate it from a complete thought. When used as a subordinating conjunction, no comma is required. When connecting a dependent clause, a comma is not required. If you have an introductory word (or two) that is being used as an adverb (usually answers the question of when, where, why, or to what degree), then no comma. “So” is casually used as an abbreviation for "So tell me…" and it often has a comma after. The EFFECT for this action: so we can do the required amount of staffing) Consider these: When Mike said he needed cement, levels, sheet rock, etc., his boss agreed to the purchase. “ If, then” statements require commas to separate the two clauses that result. What's the best way to help a child learn english? (Our ACTION: helping you understand the tentative timelines for this project If so, then each one gets a … Commas with Conditional Sentences - Writing English. So, you are going out with him?! When it comes to using the word so, the rule of thumb is that if it begins your independent clause, there should be a comma. 7. (Comma after etc. Sometimes textbook rules are quite old-fashioned and make English overly flowery. So, should you put a comma after introductory words such as now, today, etc.? Kindly help us understand, the tentative timelines for this project so that we can do the required amount of staffing. I ran short of money, so I borrowed some from my sister. For example: Albert was excited about eating. Normally, you should put a comma between two complete sentences that are joined with a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet) that creates a single sentence with two independent clauses: For instance, using the first example, try replacing “so” with “so that”: “The teacher was sick so that the test was canceled.” Unless the teacher became sick in order for the test to be canceled, “so that” doesn’t work in … You actually wrote “so that” in your sentence but even if you had just written “so”, you would not need a comma because the “so” could be replaced by “so that.” I also believe that you do not need the comma after the initial phrase. Shouldn't it be - "It rained today, so it is possible that tomorrow will be fine"? ... We use tracking methods from search engine providers to optimise our advertisements so that you can easily find our online shop in the standard search engines, even with relevant future search queries. What is the regular present participle of seek. How do you use commas when it comes to words like so and too (or any other non-conjunctions that are joining clauses mid-sentence)? "Hi there! In this situation, so will also require a comma in front of it.However, if the so is in fact the beginning of the subordinate conjunction so that, i.e. Hi Vikas if you put what follows "and so" on its own as a sentence, it would make sense grammatically by itself). This comma is known as a listing comma… She is kind so she helps people. When it suggests logical continuity then no comma should be present. So you can use FANBOYS … Comma placement before so is applied when it is used as a parenthetical component for stylistic reasons. should it be before or after so that? "So" suggests a substantial change in the conversation. Your first example, “So, how was the interview,” likely does not follow a cause like, “I know that manager, and she always has a stick up her butt. And so, ignoring the senate's command, Caesar crossed the Rubicon. In formal writing style “so” is not followed by a comma when used at the beginning of a sentence, although some feel strongly that it shouldn’t begin a sentence in the first place. If so begins an independent clause, a comma should precede it, but if it begins a dependent clause, leave it out. Don ’ t use a comma if the if clause is at the end of the sentence.. ". That is very often where a comma belongs. Let’s have a look at how commas are used before so in the middle of a sentence. The PURPOSE for this action: so you can do the required amount of staffing) If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. While it is not always necessary to use a comma after a sentence’s introductory element, it’s usually a good idea to do so since omission can lead to hesitancy or confusion. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5ff1f5580c260672 Do I need to use a comma with list items? Example: When I was younger, I had a cat named Whiskers the Magical Cat. An easy way to figure out if there should be a comma is to replace the “so” with “so that.” If “so that” makes sense, the following clause is dependent and there should not be a comma. The really difficult part here is that the that is sometimes left out, which makes it easier to slip up. Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to join two independent clauses. Meanwhile, a comma after so is essentially inserted when it is used as a coordinating conjunction combining two independent clauses denoting a cause-and-effect relationship. If so, she will need a ride." Rosy here from the official Preply team. A conjunction like so (as mentioned above) will often be used to join independent clauses together in one sentence. It depends! The word “So” is a conjunction, when used to join two independent clauses, then use a comma before the conjunction. For whom can I say this words? You cannot use the punctuation rules of your native language when you write in English – you must use English rules. For "correct English", there has to be a comma before "and so" in both of these cases, since an independent clause follows both (ie. Could you please brief me on when to use comma in case of "so that". No comma is required Even the slickest grammarian struggles with proper comma use, so we compiled a list of the places in a sentence you'll need one — using ducks. Hello! We are kindly helping you understand the tentative timelines for this project (ACTION) so you can do the required amount of staffing. So, how was the interview? Put a comma after an introductory word, phrase, or clause. Flipside: You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Sorry. Different languages have different rules about how to use commas. Prices from just $5 per hour. Example: If I go to London, I will visit the Tower. When one of the coordinating conjunctions is used to join two complete thoughts, a comma is placed before the coordinating conjunction. I don’t think "so". “"If so” is a phrase, so use the comma as a flag for the main idea that follows: “Every student plans to pass the grammar test. Thank you Leonah, It was really very helpful. You’ve probably heard a lot of things about the comma and may have questions about when to use a comma. Comma Separating a Verb and Its Object. If there are no two independent clauses, comma is not used. Putting a comma before “that” is a very common mistake: WRONG The claimant’s attorney stated, that his client was unable to attend the hearing.… A more elaborate explanation: Aside from its syntactic function (e.g. Find an online tutor for 1-on-1 lessons and master the knowledge you need! I think "so". Your current comma should not be there at all. However, having said that, break the rules IF it makes everything easier to read and understand. 2.1. after introductory subclauses: If you leave the door open, the dog might run away. Please, explain to me when do we need to put a comma after “so”? When we have a list of three or more items, we use a comma to split the items in the list. The following is from a local newspaper. • When a sentence begins with “so” (especially an informal sentence), it’s appropriate to include a comma. A third function of “so,” which I believe does merit the use of a comma, is as an interjection. The coordinating conjunction "so that" in the second clause is normally used to show the PURPOSE or INTENTION of the ACTION in the first clause. The use of the comma also applies when any of the seven coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet) join two independent clauses. In short: Although it is legal to do so, it usually doesn't make sense to use the comma operator in the condition part of an if or while statement (EDIT: Although the latter might sometimes be helpful as user5534870 explains in his answer). He didn't want to go, but he went anyway. it connects a dependent clause to an independent one, then no comma is used. What rule is it? Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. A serial comma eliminates the possibility of misreading, so even if you’re not using serial commas in your writing, make an exception for sentences like this: I dedicate this award to my parents, Jane Austen, and Albert Einstein. Kindly help us understand the tentative timelines for this project (ACTION) so that we can do the required amount of staffing (EFFECT) - PUT a COMMA because it is needed at that point in the sentence.) It sometimes denotes similarity but sometimes it describes a process through to its result. SO THAT – is a subordinate conjunction that introduces a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE. It is used to say how something seems from the information known.It is a more formal way of saying like, and is used in the same way as as though. For example It rained today so, it is possible tomorrow will be fine. Even when the statement drops the word then, a comma must be used. Placing a comma after so when it starts a sentence might be one of those cases. A comma (,) The best advice I have ever heard about placing commas was to say the sentence aloud and see where you naturally pause (take a breath). Rule #5: Use a Comma to Join Two Long Independent Clauses. So, how was your day? For Example if my sentence is below. Comma and non-conjunctions: so and too. If so is followed by a parenthetical phrase, a comma naturally follows in either style (though some authors find this comma burdensome and leave it out). So, what do you think? It is also used in the English idiom - So, let me get this straight…. Conditional sentences, if-clauses type I, II, III - Explanation, Examples and Exercises So sometimes you might have to look at the second word of a contrasting element to decide whether or not it needs to be proceeded with a comma. … Example sentences You can see from the above sentences that as if is often used to describe someone’s behaviour, or the way someone is acting. Similarly, when “so” completes a quotation, the word is often followed by a comma. A comma should be used with conjunctions, such as 'and' or 'so,' when they're combining two or more complete sentences. SO – is a coordinating conjunction that can join two MAIN CLAUSES. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Your IP: 185.2.4.44 ), Click on a tutor to learn more about them, 1371 Beacon Street, Suite 301, Brookline, MA, 02446, Preply uses cookies according to the settings of your browser. Examples: “She couldn’t believe it was so,” he admitted. PURPOSE or INTENTION When connecting a dependent clause, a comma is not required. To show the RESULT, EFFECT or CONSEQUENCE of the action just stated - you can PUT a COMMA before "so that" or “so”. In all of the following sentences and examples, as if can be replaced with as though and like (in informal conversation). A coma would come as a pause perhaps after an opening remark. . (meaning so that) The comma shows that they are closely connected to the main part of the sentence. Detailed information can be found in the. 8. No comma needed. To indicate the PURPOSE or INTENTION of the action in the first clause - DO NOT put a COMMA before "so that" or “so”. But it can also be used to show the RESULT, EFFECT or CONSEQUENCE of the ACTION stated in the first clause. We should be calling them soon. (Your ACTION: helping us understand the tentative timelines for this project So you can use FANBOYS to remember them: So, For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet. I want to work as an interpreter, so I am studying Russian at university. In any case, it'd surely be understood without the commas, and clarity is the most important thing. As if is a conjunction. The word “So” is a conjunction, when used to join two independent clauses, then use a comma before the conjunction. Example: I will visit the Tower if I go to London. comma-store.eu is the comma brand's official online store in Europe. They will be investigated and we will also call their alleged gift givers for a statement to be recorded,” said police Commercial Crime Investigation Department director Amar Singh. Kindly help us understand the tentative timelines for this project, so that we can do the required amount of staffing. The “that” in “so that” is OPTIONAL. If I pay tomorow for the package can I get an invoice for that payment? If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Even if some rule tells that it is correct to NOT use a comma before "so that", I would gladly use a comma and break the rule (in this specific case), because it makes everything easier to read and understand - which is the ultimate purpose of the entire effort of communicating (writing). When the “that” is missing, do not mistake “so that” for “so”, thus adding incorrect punctuation. Please help me to understand: I was laying in bed or lying in bed? This usage indicates that if Shelby does attend the concert, she will need someone to give her a ride. 1 Short Case Study: The directors of Manchester Football Club Limited are a. It is the number one comma rule in the grammar text I wrote. Have questions about your studies? (PURPOSE) – DO NOT put a COMMA The following conjunctions (so-called coordinating conjunctions) are used in such case: * and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet. Preply has 15,000+ tutors with expertise in over 50 subjects. Use a comma if the if clause is at the beginning of the sentence.. If the independent clauses are short and well-balanced, a comma is optional. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. When someone says they "feel horney", what does it mean? Ask our expert tutors a question (it's free! Hi there! Wait—not what you wanted to hear? and "and so on" when a sentence calls for its insertion. Okay, let me try to break it down. • Is from a complete thought makes it easier to slip up, explain to when... Dependent clause the two clauses that result used before so is applied when it is needed that! Senate 's command, Caesar crossed the Rubicon we need to put a comma (, ) the comma that... `` and so, she will become the first clause a pause perhaps after opening. Is sometimes left out, which makes it easier to slip up the ACTION stated in the grammar I. Rock, etc., his boss agreed to the purchase the ACTION stated in the first president... 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